Dimensions of Internet Science

Dimensions of Internet Science

Edited by
Ulf-Dietrich Reips & Michael Bosnjak

Published by:
Pabst Science Publishers
Lengerich, Germany

Available since:
May 2001

Order from:
Germany, Austria & Switzerland
Other EU countries
Non-EU countries:

Internet Science is a new and exciting interdisciplinary field. Its purpose is the conduct of empirical studies which examine the Internet as both an instrument for, and an object of, scientific investigation. This book is the first comprehensive collection of contributions to Internet Science appearing in English, written by highly respected experts from seven countries.

Contributions were subject to two rounds of double peer review. Among the reviewers were Joachim Funke (who reviewed the book as a whole), Bem Allen, Wolfgang Bandilla, Jonathan Baron, Gary L. Brase, David Budescu, Nicola Döring, Hardy Dreier, Markus Eisenhauer, Gregory Francis, Heike Gerdes, Michael Häder, Sabine Häder, Stevan Harnad, Heiko Hecht, John A. Johnson, Adam N. Joinson, Oliver Kirchkamp, Mike Mangan, Hans-Ullrich Mühlenfeld, Viktor Oubaid, Rüdiger Pohl, Knut Polkehn, Peter Reimann, Adrian Schwaninger, Volker Stocké, Joachim Stöber, Axel Theobald, Tracy Tuten, Charles Woods, Jörg Zumbach, and others who wish to remain anonymous.

Dimensions of Internet Science contains five specific sections. Section I, ´Psychological Web Experiments and Web Questionnaire Studies´, is introduced by a chapter on setting up a laboratory for Internet Science, and then shows four examples of online research programs and Web studies from core areas in Psychology: Decision Making, Personality Assessment, Cognitive Psychology, and Evolutionary Psychology. Section II, ´Studying Perception on the Net´ gives a vivid image of the extraordinary advantages and entertaining applications Internet Science has to offer, and provides solutions for potential problems with the use of graphical displays inherent in Internet Science (as well as many types of offline science). Section III, ´Issues in Net-Based Survey Research´, deals with important methodological concerns associated with survey research conducted online, e.g., coverage and sampling problems, non-response, drop out, and measurement error. Additionally, approaches for the explanation and reduction of sources of survey error are presented in Section III. The following contributions in Section IV, entitled ´Online Communication Research and E-Commerce´, are focused on understanding the unique potential of the Internet for (ex)change processes. These include communicative processes and the adoption of new media as specific forms of social exchange, as well as new challenges in retailing as some sort of economic exchange. Last but not least, Section V deals with the ´kernel´ of every information society: knowledge and its acquisition. Accordingly, ´Knowledge Acquisition and Learning with the Net´, covers topics like the special features of Hypertext-based knowledge acquisition, social absence in distant learning settings, and virtual seminars.

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Psychological Web Experiments and Web Questionnaire Studies

  • Reips, U.-D. (Experimental and Developmental Psychology, University of Zürich, Switzerland): Merging Field and Institution: Running a Web Laboratory.
  • Birnbaum, M. H. (Department of Psychology, California State University, Fullerton, U.S.A.): A Web-Based Program of Research and Decision Making. 
  • Buchanan, T. (Department of Psychology, University of Westminster, England): Online Personality Assessment.
  • Schwarz, S. & Reips, U.-D. (University of Mannheim, Germany & University of Zürich, Switzerland). CGI Versus JavaScript: A Web Experiment on the Reversed Hindsight Bias.
  • Voracek, M., Stieger, S., & Gindl, A. (Dept. of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, University of Vienna Medical School, Austria). Online-Replication of Evolutionary Psychology Evidence: Sex Differences in Sexual Jealousy in Imagined Scenarios of Mate´s Sexual vs. Emotional Infidelity.

Studying Perception on the Net

  • Krantz, J. H. (Hanover College, Hanover, Indiana, U.S.A.): Stimulus Delivery on the Web: What can be Presented when Calibration isn't Possible.
  • Laugwitz, B. (University of Mannheim, Germany). A Web Experiment on Colour Harmony Principles Applied to Computer User Interface Design.
  • Ruppertsberg, A. I., Givaty, G., Van Veen, H. A. H. C., & Bülthoff, H. (Max-Planck-Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany & Cytometrics Inc., Philadelphia, USA & TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands). Games as Research Tools for Visual Perception over the Internet.

Issues in Net-based Survey Research

  • Dillman, D. A. & Bowker, D. K. (Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA). The Web Questionnaire Challenge to Survey Methodologists.
  • Musch, J., Bröder, A., & Klauer, Ch. (University of Bonn, Germany): Improving Survey Research on the World-Wide Web Using the Randomized Response Technique.
  • Bosnjak, M. (ZUMA - Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen, Mannheim, Germany). Participation in Non-Restricted Web Surveys: A Typology and Explanatory Model for Item-Nonresponse.
  • Frick, A., Bächtiger, M. T., & Reips, U.-D. (Experimental and Developmental Psychology, University of Zürich, Switzerland): Financial Incentives, Personal Information and Drop-Out in Online Studies.
  • Knapp, F. & Heidingsfelder, M. (psyma online research GmbH, Rückersdorf & Rogator AG, Nürnberg, Germany): Drop-Out Analysis: Effects of Research Design.
  • Welker, M. (MFG Baden-Württemberg, Agency for Media and IT Development, Stuttgart, Germany). E-Mail Surveys: Non-Response Figures Reflected.

Online Communication Research and E-Commerce

  • Rössler, P., Klövekorn, N., & Rebuzzi, T. (University of Erfurt & Institute for Communication Science (ZW), Munich, Germany). How Do Web Communicators Work?
  • Beck, K. & Raulfs, A. (Lehrstuhl für Kommunikationswissenschaft, University of Erfurt, Germany): The Computer as a Medium for Media Integration: Experiences and Selected Findings of an International Online-Offline Delphi Survey.
  • Schmidt, I., Stark, B., & Döbler, T. (Institut für Marketing und Handel, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland & Fachbereich Kommunikationswissenschaft und Sozialforschung, University of Hohenheim, Germany): Electronic Commerce - The New Challenge in Retailing.

Knowledge Acquisition and Learning with the Net

  • Naumann, A., Waniek, J., & Krems, J. F. (Allgemeine Psychologie I und Arbeitspsychologie, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany): Knowledge Acquisition, Navigation and Eye Movements from Text and Hypertext.
  • Paechter, M., Schweizer, K., & Weidenmann, B. (Universität der Bundeswehr, München, Germany). When the Tutor is Socially Present or Not. Evaluation of a Teletutor and Learning in a Virtual Seminar.
  • Utz, S. & Sassenberg, K. (Sociale Psychologie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands & University of Jena, Germany): Ties to a Virtual Seminar - The Role of Experience, Motives and Fulfillment of Expectations.

Ulf-Dietrich Reips & Michael Bosnjak (Eds.)
Pabst Science Publishers, 2001
364 pages, 48DM (SFr 40, 25 Euro, $24)